“It would be a considerable fraud to do a book on American government which talked as if the constitution were still being substantially observed, that pretended that when Presidents took the oath of office they intended to observe the bounds set by the Constitution, that Congressmen recited their pledges with the same intent, and that Federal judges were still construing the Consitution as it was written.” – Clarence Carson: Basic American Government, 1993
In an increasingly famous episode, an aged and decrepit Benjamin Franklin was being carried out of the constitutional convention on his litter when an elderly lady accosted him. “What have you given us, Mr. Franklin?” she asked.
“A Republic, if you can keep it.”
Among the many books I will never write but wish I could because the question preoccupies me is a response to this excited and sober conversation held 225 years ago. It is increasingly evident that we have not kept the constitutional republic that we were bequeathed. Whether we should have I leave to another forum, but that we have not seems a historical fact.
So I want to know why. Why could we not keep the republic that we were given?
Is the reason, as progressive people frequently argue, because that was a different world? Is it because, as traditional people frequently argue, because human nature stayed the same but we stopped restraining it? Is it because, as religious people frequently argue – and as John Adams said way back then – “our constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other.” Is it because our founding was tainted by self-destructive sins that showed that we were not a moral people and that our religion was hypocritical. Or are there other reasons?
Since I’ll never be able to write the book because it would require a lifetime of research and meditation, I will offer some ill-considered and unclarified reasons for your consideration and ask you to think about them and develop those you think are most promising. If I’ve missed something (which I know I have) please add it when a comments section is made available below.
One request I would make: when we reflect on things like this, our instinct is to blame the loss on something other than ourselves and our tribe, social group, philosophical school, or whatever. So, if you are going to blame another group, development, or idea than your own, I would kindly request that you do two things:
1. Acknowledge your interest in the question (I do not ask you to recuse yourself because we all have an interest in this question)
2. Show at least one way your own tribe contributed to the loss (because we all have)
If you believe we have not lost and are not at risk of losing our republic, I welcome your argument whole-heartedly.
So here, in vague and indefensible (in this post) bullet points, follow my initial suggestions for why we have proven unable to keep our republic, not ranked.
- how hard it is to keep a republic, it not being the natural form of human government
- love of money
- social instability
- entertainment technologies
- communication technologies
- the industrial revolution, especially the internal combustion engine
- philosophical shifts
- in the meaning of rights from the British to the French understanding
- in the meaning of freedom from self-governance to self-indulgence
- in the meaning of the cosmos from logocentrism to naturalism and thus to nihilism
- the concentration of power in the federal government and then in fewer and fewer hands and idea carriers
- the destruction of the family farm, private ownership, and the local communities they built up
- the concentration of wealth
- the destruction of education
- the reduction of politics to ever more quantitative and ever less qualitative modes
- confusion over law
These elements and forces interact, some of them more obviously. For example, I contend that there is a cycle among the forces of slavery, the concentration of power, philosophical meltdown, and love of money. Especially within the southern states, the defense of slavery led to a concentration of power among the slaveholders. The concentration of power led to an inability to perceive reality. That inability to perceive reality produced an anxiety that overstressed the love of money. The love of money led to a defense of slavery. Though I wrote those in the past tense, I would suggest that the forces persist and continue to affect us nefariously.
Allow me to enter on a note perhaps more ominous than Mr. Franklin’s, but happily with much less insight and far more emotion: I believe we are far advanced down and past the destruction of the republic. Only in very limited ways can we still be considered one and even in those ways, we are not a healthy, functioning republic. I think, in other words, we have already lost the republic and it is too late to do anything about it.
However, I am also aware that I know almost nothing about the sub-terranean realities either of the natural or the supernatural forces at work in our age. My senses and my reasoning tell me to despair. The hand of the Lord, however, is not shortened and He is still able to save. Who knows, maybe Frodo and Sam are, even now, on their way to Mordor to throw the ring of power into Mount Doom.
Just remember that if they are, then Merry and Pippen will come back home and scour the shire. For me, I don’t know if the scouring precedes or follows the fall of Mordor, but I stand for the Shire. If the simple hobbit is free to farm, the world is a good place. If he is driven out by Sauron’s lackeys or Saruman’s tongue, none of us can remain free.