Lost Tools of Writing Level Three continues to refine all the tools from the previous levels while not only adding further invention, arrangement, and elocution tools, but also introducing logic, Aristotle’s four causes, and the rhetorical appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos. The foundation laid in the previous levels comes to beautiful fruition in these essays, which reflect deeper thinking, clearer arrangement, and more elegant expression.
Shifting into a deliberative form of address, these essays seek to persuade a decision maker for or against a proposed course of action. In Level Two, we began addressing the specific concerns of a particular audience. In this Level Three class we will consider not only the recipient of our argument, but the speaker’s point of view as well, practicing the tools of rhetoric while looking through the lenses of various historical and literary figures. From Socrates to C.S. Lewis, we’ll explore what some of the wisest have had to say about what is ultimately the Necessary Question of every life.
Students should be prepared to devote significant time and attention to challenging reading, extensive development and writing of eight essays, biweekly discussion board posts, and poetry memorization.